UMGC Library

APA 6th Edition Citation Examples: Interviews, E-mail Messages, and Other Personal Communications

Personal communication

APA does not require that you cite personal communications (interviews you've conducted, e-mail messages, etc.) in your reference list. Instead, give an in-text citation only using the following model:

Joe Smith (personal communication, November 18, 2006) informed me that the server had crashed several hours ago.

More info

See Publication Manual, p. 179.