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APA 7th Edition Citation Examples

Format for encyclopedia articles


Author last name, first initial. (Year). Article title. In Editor first initial. Last name (Ed.), Encyclopedia title (pp. page numbers). Publisher Name. DOI  


  • Author: List the last name, followed by the first initial (and second initial). See Authors for more information.
  • Year: List the publication year between parentheses, followed by a period.
  • Article title: Capitalize the first word of the title, subtitle, and proper nouns, followed by a period.
  • Editor: List the first initial followed by the last name. Preceded by "In" and followed by "(Ed.)" 
  • Encyclopedia title: In italics. Capitalize the first word of the title, subtitle, and proper nouns
  • Page number(s): List page numbers preceded with "pp." in parentheses and followed by a period.
  • Publisher name: List publisher name, followed by a period.
  • DOI: Use DOI when available.

See specific examples below.

Library database with DOI

Miura, A. (2012). Human behavior with blogs. In Z. Yan (Ed.), Encyclopedia of cyber behavior (pp. 157-163). IGI Global.

What is a DOI?
Some library databases, such as Academic Search Ultimate and APA PsycInfo, provide a digital object identifier (DOI) for individual ebooks. A DOI is a unique identifier for an online work. In the database record for an ebook, you will see an element that looks like this, which you should include at the end of your APA reference, preceded by "":

Digital Object Identifier

This link will allow a reader to link to for more information about the ebook.

Library database without DOI

Smith, A. J. (2001). Child development. In B. Strickland (Ed.), The Gale encyclopedia of psychology (pp. 115-116). Gale.

Library database without author or DOI

Ethics. (2009). In Encyclopedia of management (6th ed., pp. 273-278). Gale.

More info

See Publication Manual, 10.3.