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APA 7th Edition Citation Examples

The entire work

(Smith, 2004)

A specific page or page range

(Smith, 2004, p. 39)

(Smith, 2004, pp. 39-40)

If the author's name is included in the text of the sentence where the citation takes place

Smith (2004) claimed that previous research was flawed (p. 39).

Use only the date or the date and page number.

A source with no page numbers

(Myers, 2000, para. 5)

(Beutler, 2004, Conclusion section, para. 1)

(Raines et al., 2018, "Techniques for Manipulation" section, para. 3)

To refer the reader to a specific paragraph, use the abbreviation "para." followed by the paragraph number you are citing; count the paragraphs manually if they are not numbered in the source being cited.

If the full heading or section title is long, provide the first few words of the title, putting quotation marks around the title words. Each major word in the title should begin with a capital letter.

Citing multiple authors

See Authors.

A source with no author

("None to Claim Their Bones," 1888)

Use a shortened version of the title in quotation marks. In cases where the title contains a colon, use only the text before the colon in your in-text citation.

Audio and video sources

(Jackson, 2015, 2:12)

You have the option to use an audio or video time stamp in an in-text citation to indicate the exact source of a quote or paraphrase.

More info

See Publication Manual, pp. 253-278.