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APA 7th Edition Citation Examples

Personal communication

Personal communications that are inaccessible to your reader (interviews that you've conducted, e-mail messages or letters you've received, etc.) should not be cited in your reference list. Instead, give an in-text citation only that provides the initial(s) and last name of the communicator and the date of the communication:

J. Smith (personal communication, November 18, 2016) stated that the server had crashed several hours ago.

More info

See Publication Manual, 8.9 and 9.37.