UMGC Library

APA 7th Edition Citation Examples: Academic Journals

Format for academic journal articles

Format:

Author last name, first initial. (Year). Article title. Journal Title, volume(issue), page numbers. DOI or URL  

Elements:

  • Author: List the last name, followed by the first initial (and second initial). See Authors for more information.
  • Year: List the publication year between parentheses, followed by a period.
  • Article title: Capitalize the first word of the title, subtitle, and proper nouns, followed by a period.
  • Journal title: In italics. Capitalize all important words.
  • Volume and issue number:  Volume number in italics. Issue number in parentheses, no italics.
  • Page number(s): List page numbers followed by a period.
  • DOI or URL: Use DOI when available. If no DOI and from the free web, use a URL. If no DOI and from a database, do not use a DOI or URL.

See specific examples below.

Library database with DOI

Dumais, S. A., Rizzuto, T. E., Cleary, J., & Dowden, L. (2013). Stressors and supports for adult online learners: Comparing first- and continuing-generation college students. American Journal of Distance Education, 27(2), 100-110. https://doi.org/10.1080/08923647.2013.783265

What is a DOI?
Some library databases, such as Academic Search Ultimate and APA PsycInfo, provide a digital object identifier (DOI) for individual articles. A DOI is a unique identifier for an online work. In the database record for an article, you will see an element that looks like this, which you should include at the end of your APA reference, preceded by "https://doi.org/":

Digital Object Identifier

This link will allow a reader to link to doi.org for more information about the article.

Library database without DOI

Reitzes, D. C., & Mutran, E. J. (2004). The transition to retirement: Stages and factors that influence retirement adjustment. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 59(1), 63-84. 

If a journal article from a database does not have a DOI, do not include a DOI or a URL.

Free Web

Wentzell, G. (2018). Engaging in scholarly teaching to transform practice: Encouragement for reluctant colleagues. InSight: A Journal of Scholarly Teaching, 13, ‚Äč9-13. http://www.insightjournal.net/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/1-Wentzell_Engaging-in-Scholarly-Teaching-to-Transform-Practice-Encouragement-for-Reluctant-Colleagues.pdf

In print

Hughes, J. C., Brestan, E. V., & Valle, L. A. (2004). Problem-solving interactions between mothers and children. Child and Family Behavior Therapy, 26(1), 1-16.

More info

See Publication Manual, pp. 317-319.