Based on the MLA Handbook, 8th Edition, 2016
The Modern Language Association (MLA) updated its style manual in April 2021. The 9th edition focuses on clarification, guidance, and expansion on MLA 8, an edition that featured extensive changes. The Works Cited formats developed in MLA 8 remains the same in MLA 9, but with more guidance and focus particularly with emerging sources, digital and otherwise. In MLA 9, there is more guidance on the core elements system to create a Works Cited, more details into in-text citations, a new chapter on inclusive language, and a reintroduction of MLA guidance on writing and grammar which was absent in MLA 8.