UMGC Library

APA 6th Edition Citation Examples: Authors

One Author

Reference list citation

Courtois, C. A. (2004).

In-text citation

(Courtois, 2004)

Two Authors

Reference list citation

Kelley, P. C., & Chang, P. L. (2007).

In-text citation

(Kelley & Chang, 2007)

Three to Five Authors

Reference list citation

Hughes, J. C., Brestan, E. V., & Valle, L. A. (2004).

In-text citation

First citation:
(Hughes, Brestan, & Valle, 2004)

Subsequent citations:
(Hughes et al., 2004)

When a work has more than 2 authors, subsequent in-text citations consist of the first author's name followed by "et al." (Latin for "and others") and the date.

Six or Seven Authors

Reference list citation

Phelps, B. R., Lima, M., Gomez, J., MacArthur, R. T., Gansu, L., & Nehru, M. (2004).

In-text citation

First citation:
(Phelps et al., 2004)

Subsequent citations:
(Phelps et al., 2004)

When a work has 6-7 authors, in-text citations consist of the first author's name followed by "et al." (Latin for "and others") and the date.

Eight or More Authors

Reference list citation

Carter, A., Dougherty, S., Addington, M., Stanley, R., Stanley, C., Schuffler, G., . . . Smyrna, B. F. (2004).

When there are eight or more authors, include the first 6 authors' names followed by an ellipsis (. . .) and the final author's name.

In-text citation

First citation:
(Carter et al., 2004)

Subsequent citations:
(Carter et al., 2004)

When a work has 8 or more authors, in-text citations consist of the first author's name followed by "et al." (Latin for "and others") and the date.

Group Author

Reference list citation

American Dietetic Association. (1999).

In-text citation

First citation:
(American Dietetic Association [ADA], 1999)

Subsequent citations:
(ADA, 1999)

No Authors Listed

Reference list citation

None to claim their bones: Relics of an old Brooklyn graveyard. (1888, April 12). New York Times, pp. 3-4. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/

List the source by title in your reference list. Alphabetize reference list entries beginning with a title using the primary word of the title (excluding a, an, and the).

In-text citation

("None to Claim Their Bones," 1888)

In cases where the title contains a colon, use only the text before the colon in your in-text citation.

More info

See Publication Manual, pp. 181-183.