UMGC Library

Philosophy: Citing Sources

A Library Research Guide

MLA Citation Examples

Indent everything after the first line five spaces.

Course Module - Material Created or Adapted by UMGC:

Author. "Title of document." Location of material within the class, Date,  retrieval information.

UMGC. "What Is Research?" Course module in UMGC LIBS 150 online classroom, Summer 2016,

Course Reading - Material Authored by a Source Other than UMGC:

Author name. Document title Publisher information, date. Retrieval information.

Seton, Ernest Thompson. The Arctic Prairies: A Canoe-Journey of 2,000 Miles in Search of the Caribou. C. Scribner's Sons, 1911. Project Gutenberg,

When no author is named, begin with the title, followed by the publication year, etc. When no publication years is given, use (n.d.) for no date.

Discussion Posts:

If in your Discussion post you quote, paraphrase, or summarize your course module or course readings or other material you researched from the library or the Web or a print source, give an in-text citation AND a reference  list citation at the end of your Discussion post in the same manner as you would within a research paper.

If you mention or refer to another student's entry/response in a Discussion post then do not cite it but simply mention the other student's entry in your sentence. Example: I agree with Susan Day (Discussion Post October 30, 2018) where she lists instances of irony in Plato's dialog Gorgias.

Journal Article from a Library Database:

Author last name, Author first name. "Article Title." Journal Title, vol. #, no. #, publication date, pp. #-#. Database Name, URL.

*Note: Use a permalink or stable URL if one is available and remove the beginning "http://" or "https://" from the link in your citation. If there is a DOI, use the DOI instead of the URL.

Carrim, Sabah. "An Encounter with Nietzsche." Pennsylvania Literary Journal, vol. 6, no.1, 2014, pp. 71-82. LION,


Author. "Webpage Title." Publication date, URL.

Shelley, James. "The Concept of the Aesthetic." Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 12 Sept. 2013,

E-book from a Library Database:

Author last name, Author first name. Book title. Publisher Name, publication date. Database Name, URL.

Honderich, Ted. The Oxford Companion to Philosophy. 2nd ed., Oxford UP, 2005. Oxford Reference,

Print Book:

Author last name, Author first name. Book title. Publisher Name, publication date.

Jackson, Frank, and Michael Smith, editors. The Oxford Handbook of Contemporary Philosophy. Oxford UP, 2005.

For more examples of MLA citations, see the library's MLA Citation Examples guide.

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